by Dirk VOORHOOF Introduction* Until a few decades ago, the limits and restrictions of freedom of expression were determined by parliaments, governments or other national authorities, and ultimately scrutinized by their own domestic judicial authorities without any further external control. This “paradigm” has significantly changed in Europe, due to the… Read more »
Media Policy and Journalism: Discussion Series
The Media Policy and Journalism in Europe discussion series aims to enhance debate and discussion on policy issues related to media, journalism, to raise awareness of violations to media freedom and pluralism, and to exchange best practices for journalists and media practitioners. Blog post submission by academics, journalists, media practitioners and professionals, civil society actors, policy makers are welcome.
By Gill Phillips (Read previous article: On Protection of Journalistic Sources) Although many countries offer legal safeguards protecting journalists’ sources, those protections are often uncertain and cannot be presumed, such that ultimately source protection is a personal ethical issue for each journalist. There are a number of important practical considerations for… Read more »
By Gill Phillips Disclosure of sources is one of the more tricky areas for media lawyers and journalists. But the importance of sources to journalists cannot be understated: they are a reporter’s meat and drink. Even more so is the confidential source, who asks for anonymity because more often than… Read more »