Who is in charge of the media in 21st century?

Media freedom and advocacy are interlinked. What can you say, about whom, and where depend on the laws in your country and how they are implemented. The question therefore is how get the best rules and make sure they are observed by all players. Media regulation is normally a matter for governments and parliaments. But media professionals play an important role too by developing their own professional standards and compliance mechanisms. National and international actors such as intergovernmental bodies and NGOs are involved in the development of the national media safeguards. How can media and journalists interact with such actors and how can they help each other to improve the media freedom in individual countries and in Europe?

Media regulation is not a matter of state discretion only. The media operation and content as well as journalist profession are realisation of the right to freedom of expression protected by international human rights law. Some media matters such as broadcasting are also regulated by EU law. Therefore states are obliged to ensure that their laws meet international and European media standards. Which are these standards? Who adopt them and what determines their content? Join us to learn how to improve your professional situation from media freedom perspective.


boevBoyko Boev is a legal expert on media regulation, public service media, defamation and transparency of media ownership; he provides legal input to ARTICLE 19’s media development projects. He has analyzed the compliance of media laws from more than 20 countries from Europe, Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Asia with international law and freedom of expression standards and has conducted numerous trainings on media law for judges, lawyers, journalists and free media campaigners. Mr. Boev has been a legal counselor for journalists and victims of human rights in court proceedings in Bulgaria and before the European Court of Human Rights.Mr. Boev was a co-organiser of the First Media Law Academy of South East Europe, which was held in Zagreb in June 2012 and of the Second Media Law Academy of South East Europe, which took place in Sarajevo in September 2013.




General Comment 34: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrc/docs/gc34.pdf

OSCE safety of journalist manual: http://www.osce.org/fom/118052?download=true

UNESCO World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002270/227025e.pdf

Legal Review of the Italian Laws on Defamation: http://www.osce.org/fom/108108?download=true

Resolution 1636 (2008) Indicators for media in a democracy: http://assembly.coe.int/Mainf.asp?link=/Documents/AdoptedText/ta08/ERES1636.htm

Joint Declarations of the representatives of intergovernmental bodies to protect free media and expression: